Cuzco, The Archaeological Capital of America was the main city of the Empire of Tahuantinsuyo, being considered by the Incas as the “Navel of the World.” Today is the first tourist center of Peru and has been proclaimed by UNESCO as a World Cultural Heritage.
Cuzco is beauty in everything, because it encapsulates the entire history of Peru legendary, from its founding until the withdrawal of the Spanish conquistadors. In the surroundings are important archaeological monuments as the fortress of Sacsayhuaman, Kenko, the bath Tambomachay, platforms of Pisac, Ollantaytambo Fortress and the unique buildings of Machu Picchu, on the banks of the Urubamba River, which was discovered in 1911 by Hiram Bingham, now known as the “Capital of America” or “Eternal City”.
The large number of museums and churches has from Cuzco fact the most important tourist center of Peru. The “Caminos del Inca,” which was used by ancient Peruvians to reach the citadel of Machu Picchu, offer the chance to meet with countless Inca constructions which, in combination with nature, to give a holistic view of the grandeur and importance that it had MachuPicchu.
All areas of Cusco and, mainly, the area corresponding to the Sacred Valley, offer ideal locations for sports. The diversity of microclimates and ecological make this region a veritable paradise for the practice of adventure activities. The excellent combination of cultural factors, such as alternating with a friendly population, constantly observe various colorful costumes typical of a large and strategically located to visit archaeological remains, make a Cusco area where the adventure comes to experience the feeling of having been transported in time and be a real thousand-discoverer of secrets
Machu Picchu. The most important of all for their global impact. For many, this is the eighth wonder of the world and demonstrates the wisdom of a culture that managed to build a citadel-based giant stones in a difficult place to access and perfectly fitted to each other. Until now draws attention to where and how they moved these moles gritty, as there is no evidence of quarries in many miles around, especially since the Incas were unaware of the use of the wheel. Was recently chosen as one of the New 7 Wonders of the World.
Is within the National Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu, about 100 kilometers northwest of Cuzco, in the province of Urubamba, at the crest of the hill Machu Picchu is located on the eastern slopes of the Andes giving to the Amazon basin. The sanctuary covers an area of 32,592 hectares, cut by the Urubamba River valley, down from the snowy peaks of the Andes above 6000 meters In this bottom of the ridge, the valley is abundant and runs encañonado, cutting the Andean mountain range, generating a topographical formation of high visual impact.
Inside the shrine, and linked via a sophisticated network of roads Empedrado, there are other older and smaller towns isolated buildings which served to accommodate walkers, checkpoints and perhaps the most impressive production facilities made up of agricultural terraces (platforms ) And complex irrigation systems
VALLE DEL COLCA
For almost two centuries it was learned anything from this corner of the height. Appeared on the maps, but everyone ignored it. Who could imagine, then, the wonders hidden in this remote location on the map of Peru?. But one day everything changed. A pair of daring and adventurous men over the area and were absorbed with the magical landscape that was revealed before his eyes. Cannon and the Colca Valley, 165 kilometers from Arequipa (2350 m), were finally rediscovered. The landscape that was revealed under his eyes was spectacular: beautiful snowcapped mountains, many of them sleeping volcanoes like Coropuna (6425 meters) or Ampato (6310 meters), an imposing canyon of dangerous beauty and flexible route (nearly 100 miles) and admirable terraced farmland of pre-Inca origin.
Valle del Colca is located in the province of Caylloma up to 4 hours northeast of Arequipa. The minimum recommended for the visit to this attraction is 2 or 3 days. The journey to the canyon is extremely interesting, not only by the beautiful landscape but also because it presents evidence of the dominance of the agricultural area by the ancient Peruvians, lots of terraces. It’s the perfect place to learn about the life of the Andean man through 16 villages mainly Collagua, home Tiahuanaco (pre-Hispanic culture of the highlands) and cabins, roots speak Quechua peoples as Chivay, Coporaque, Lari, Cabanaconde, Yanque, Achoma, Maca Pinchoyo, chump, and so on.
The canyon is over 100 kms long and deepening starts several miles after Chivay, reaching the deepest point to 3400 meters. The best place for observation is 3800 meters above sea level Colca area is ideal for adventure tourism. You can watch the Colca in the majestic flight of the Condor. Condor always been cataloged by the Incas as a representation of spirits, so when one sees them, is like watching the lost spirit of the Incas, is a sacred bird because it flies up to heaven, surpassing the highest peak in the Andes about 7000 meters height, it seems that she goes to the gods.
The path to the Colca Valley is experiencing Cañahuas Pampa, a nature reserve, home to graceful Vicuñas (Vicugna vicugna), which may be viewed on its journey towards Chivay, one of the people of the Valley. The best time to visit the Colca Canyon and its valley is between May and October, as the waters of the Rio Colca become more navigable, making it a paradise for lovers of canoeing. To reach the level of the river must descend from the district of Cabanaconde (either from Pampa San Miguel, the viewpoint Tapay or by the route of Sangallo). Once there, if it has the necessary experience, not venture to the high and middle parts of the river (with current grade II to IV), suitable for the practice of kayaking.
PUNO LAGO TITICACA
Puno is one of the provinces which have diverse, beautiful and hospitable tourism resources. Its wide range of tourist attractions ranging from majestic testimony of pre-Hispanic cultures to some of the most colorful festivities popular on the continent (Candelaria), through dreamy landscapes ranging from large Titicaca, the highest navigable lake in the world and peoples still retain much of their ancestral heritage.
After crossing the Always-Juliaca, are entering the field of large Titicaca on the path that leads south to the Bay of Puno, passing through the towns of Colonial Paucarcolla and Atuncolla, and the impressive archaeological site of Sillustani, on the banks of Lake Umayo. Soon, nestled in a Hoyada at the foot of the Titicaca, is the city with its churches, mansions and markets. From here onwards it is possible, sailing across the blue waters, the famous and ever-more-crowded islands of the Titicaca: Amantani and Taquile via the floating islands of the Uros.
Continuing the path that runs along the south side of the Titicaca is going through a spectacular string of towns of great tradition and archeological sites: Chucuito, acora with stone temples possessing treasures of colonial art, landscapes of wonder and much more. A unique community project complements the tourism offer of this unique department: Llachón beach in the peninsula Capachica.
Lake Titicaca, the highest in the world at 3810 meters is the most important attraction, in addition to the existing legend about the origin of the Inca culture when the couple’s mythical Lake Titicaca, on whose shores have developed a presence Aymara, through a people who have occupied certain areas of cattails , We refer to the floating islands of the Uros.
Moreover, the typical tourist centers in the province are the archaeological remains of Sillustani, Cutimbo and Molloko. The so-called Chullpas cemeteries are pre Inca and Inca, built on the surface, mostly attributed to the Tiahuanaco. The islands and Taquile Amantaní, while the peninsula Capachica those who are already part of the package tours that are sold worldwide, which are the same as the major destinations of rural tourism and living in the country.